Melipona beecheii is a species of eusocial stingless bee. it is native to central America from the Yucatan Peninsula in the north to Costa Rica in the south. The melipona was kept in the Yucatan Peninsula starting in the pre-columbian era by the ancient maya civilization. The mayan name for m. beecheii is xunan kab, which translates roughly to "regal lady bee". The melipona bee once served as the subject of various mayan religious ceremonies. melipona stingless bees can only produce 350g-1000g of honey per year. a colony produces less than 1kg (735ml) per year which is why it is more rare..
Many species of bees collect nectar which they then convert into honey and store as food sources. only bees living in large colonies store considerable amounts of honey; among these we have: the bees of the genus apis (honey bees), trigona and melipona (meliponas) that people have learned to know over time as producers of honey. Until the 17th century, Honey was the only commonly available sweetening substance.